Risk management report: Iran
Iran was declared an Islamic Republic in 1979, following the overthrow of the shah. Supreme leader (rahbar) Ayatollah Ali Khamenei sits at the top of the political system, his power checked by an elected president and parliament; the conflict between theocracy and democracy dictates much of the internal dynamic. The election of President Hassan Rouhani in June 2013, more moderate than his predecessor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, has proved a transitional moment in the republic’s external relations. The upward trend arrow on Iran’s political risk grade reflects the probable impact of the July nuclear deal in the months ahead, with a gradual reversal of international sanctions starting to be felt by 2016.