Risk Management Report: Bahrain
Following mass protests demanding political change in 2011, Bahrain plunged into political crisis in which predominantly Shiite opponents challenged Al- Khalifa rule. Saudi Arabia led a Gulf Co-operation Council intervention, and dozens of people have since been killed in clashes with security forces. Those arrested and tried include leaders of Al-Wefaq and the other main opposition ‘societies’. Attempts to negotiate have failed, and low-level violence continues. The Al-Khalifa are supported by Saudi Arabia and western allies, including the United States, whose Fifth Fleet is based in Bahrain.