Risk Management Report - Iraqi Kurdistan

Disagreements between the autonomous Kurdish Region of Iraq (KRI) and the federal Iraqi government in Baghdad have been a source of major tensions. The 2005 constitution said the KRI had an identity distinct from Iraq, and was a federal entity recognised by Iraq and the United Nations; the 2010 Erbil agreement outlined how power would be shared. Amid acrimonious relations, the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) has protested the lack of implementation of these agreements, with oil central to the dispute; Baghdad was furious that Erbil signed production-sharing agreements with international oil companies (IOCs) without its say-so, and the KRG’s efforts to export oil independently rather than via the central State Marketing Organisation (Somo).

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