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Iraq: Opposition to referendum draws neighbouring forces closer

One notable consequence of the Kurdish referendum has been the way it has led to closer co-operation between neighbouring states. A round of shuttle diplomacy among military top brass in Iran, Iraq and Turkey began in the run-up to the vote and has continued since. Iraqi Army chief of staff Othman Al-Ghanemi arrived in Ankara on 23 September for talks with his Turkish counterpart General Hulusi Akar. This was followed by joint exercises by Iraq and Turkish forces on 26 September.

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